Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic Age: A Short History

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Not only that, he was regarded as a skilled hero, a character in fables and epics across different cultures in North Africa and Asia, others regarded him as a god, two-horned demon, and a beast.

The rise and fall of empires

Lastly, in which ever ay he was viewed, whether as a hero or a kind of a bloodthirsty villain, who because of victory brought destruction and death wherever he went, people still find it difficult to argue his level of magnetism, which he attained as a result of his leadership skills, warrior, and his rigid will and determination. In the same vein, the Hellenistic age culture that revolved around Alexander the Great also influenced the Western civilization.

Western civilization and its accompanied ideologies have been primarily influenced by Greek thinking and philosophy around the 4th and 5th century BCE. This is because, they devised advanced mathematics, and used their scientific reasoning to proffer answers to everything that surrounds them, ranging from the use of the use of the Golden Ratio in the construction of magnificent structures.

Their creativity was based on their philosophy and philosophy is the root of every human endeavor, scientific or otherwise. In summary, the Western Civilization can be agreeably sourced from the Hellenistic culture, with different works that now exists today, these are origins of what we live with in the Western world, and they are the basics of the present day advancement.

Great works from people like Callimachus, an Alexandrian scholar-poet, Theocritus, the one who wrote pastorals based on natural beauty, and more. Additionally, the philosophy of the time demonstrated new awareness of a person. In science, the Greek scientific achievement was at its peak during the Hellenistic Age, for example, Alexander the Great hired engineers, surveyors, etc.

Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic Age - Peter Green - Google книги

Also, the Hellenistic scientists also attempted rational analysis of nature; the Alexandrian library had leading scholars and thus, led to a research institution. Alexandrian doctors enhanced medical skills through experimentation and observation. Their knowledge of astronomy and mathematics was not left out.

This increased sufficiently. From Aristarchus, an astronomer in the 18 th century before Copernicus was the one that said the sun existed at the center of the universe, he also argued about the planets revolving around the sun, he was the one who also claimed that the stars situates at the greatest distance from the earth, and more.


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In addition to this, Euclid was an Alexandrian mathematician who applied strict reasoning to geometry and Archides of Syracuse as an inventor, mathematician, and a physicist. Moreover, Geographic research was expanded, including the knowledge of earth, zones, circumference, etc. The Hellenistic era also established a quantifiable level of Western Civilization, as shown above, many of the theories, experiments, and observations, we are undergoing today is as a result of the basics and foundations of the Greek era, ranging from typical Philosophy, Epicureanism, Stoicism, Skepticism, and Cynicism.

The Hellenistic age legacy will continue to thrive in our Western world.

Hellenistic Greece for Kids

A E Networks Digital. Alexander the Great.

Barksdale, N. History of Greece: Classical Greece. Hellenistic Culture: Philosophy, Literature and Art.

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Although the Hellenistic Age flourished for barely years, its contributions to world history are countless. Eminent historian Green—whose classic Alexander to Actium remains the most expansive and thorough introduction to the period—offers a marvelous survey of the key people, places and events of the years from B. Nimbly weaving history and cultural insights, Green chronicles how Alexander led Macedonia through heroism and canny political alliances.

After Alexander's death, power was divided between the Ptolemies, who ruled Egypt, and the Seleucids, who ruled Greece, marking the beginning of the end of the Greek city-states that had been the hallmark of the classical Greek age. The civic masculine bonding so pervasive in Alexander's day was replaced by the familial bonding of husband and wife.

The Hellenistic Age: From Alexander to Antiochus III

Science replaced poetry and comedy replaced tragedy as the cultural hallmarks of society. Yet much remained the same: aristocratic rulers still used slaves to do their fighting for them, and monarchs still defied attempts to bring democracy into government. Green's splendid little study a new entry in Modern Library's Chronicles series provides a brilliant introduction to this crucial transitional period.